Scaling also referred to as cleaning in layman terms is the removal of tartar(calculus), a hard substance that attaches to the teeth when food debris are left on the teeth for long periods or in far to reach surfaces of the teeth.

Scaling should be done at least twice a year (every six months)

It involves removal of the hard substances from the teeth surfaces using a scaler machine and then polishing (prophylaxis) the surfaces to remove stains and to make them smooth for easy brushing

For children, prophylaxis and fluoride application is done every six months to to prevent tooth decay and gum disease